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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.cnu.edu.tw/handle/310902800/22959


    標題: GPS反射訊號應用於海面水位觀測
    作者: 陳羿帆
    沈立忠
    曾清凉
    貢獻者: 國立成功大學地球科學系
    空間科技研究中心
    關鍵字: GPS
    反射訊號
    都卜勒頻移
    變化速率
    水位觀測
    GPS Reflected signal
    Doppler shift
    variation velocity
    water level observations
    日期: 2007-10-11
    上傳時間: 2010-08-10 09:33:42 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 本論文敘述以雙頻接收儀利用架設於海堤並指向海面之左旋圓形偏極化天線接收以GPS 衛星當作訊號源於海面反射之反射訊號,同時以10Hz 之頻率接收5 顆以上GPS 衛星之反射訊號,利用直接訊號與反射訊號兩者之雙頻相位觀測量與兩訊號所解算之高程差異求得海面高程,並利用都卜勒頻移估算出海面波浪起伏垂直方向的變化速率,實驗結果顯示由GPS 衛星PRN 11 、PRN25 與PRN31 海面反射訊號解算之平均海面高程為-1.085m ,最大波高變化速率介於-7 m / s ~7 m / s 之問。海面反射點高程變化經過一維穩態小波轉換濾波器濾波後,可看出海面之波浪起伏,本研究之優點為可以取得連續密集的資料並可即時解算,可應用於水位觀測。
    This thesis narrates that utilizes a left-hand circularly polarized antenna which was located on the sea wall and pointed to the sea surface . This equipment could receive the measurements of the global positioning system ( GPS ) carrier phase with 10 Hz sample rate after reflection on the sea surface and estimate the altitude of sea surface , waveforms , and vertical variation velocity of tide . The results present that average sea level is -1.085 m which estimated from the reflected signal of PRN 11 , PRN 25 and PRN 31 . Using Doppler shifts and ocean reflection positions altitude to conduct the velocity of sea states are among -7 m/s ~7 m/s . Through the Stationary Wavelet Transform De –noising l -D filter , author can obtain sea level variation . The system provides GPS reflection continuous data , and real - time geodetic solutions . Meanwhile , the future application 15 including water level observations .
    關聯: 2007年台灣地理資訊學會年會暨學術研討會,起迄日:2007/10/11~2007/10/12,地點:嘉南藥理科技大學
    Appears in Collections:[空間科技資訊研究中心] 會議論文

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