This study finds that the prevalence of the disabilities of activities of daily life (ADLs), during 1989 to 1999 in Taiwan, was higher among the elderly group of female, Taiwan-born, older, and less educated, and that the severity of disabilities was mainly light with 5-6 items of ADLs impairment. The family caregivers were mostly female, but the gender inequality was declined gradually. The proportion of family caregiving for the disabled elderly hasn't changed much. Nevertheless, the proportion of the ones receiving no care services was decreasing stepwise; instead, the proportion of care given by non-family-persons is increasing year by year. The socio-economic characteristics of disabled elderly also influenced their care arrangements. When the disabled elderly got older or widow, the children and children's spouse would replace for giving care. The male disabled elderly were often cared by their female spouses, but the female ones were cared by their children or children's spouses. At more urbanized area, the possibility that care by the children and children's spouses were higher significantly. The more declined the elderly functional abilities were, the more possible it was for them to co-reside with their spouses or with their offspring. Thus, it's also more possible for them to receive the family care. Furthermore, the characteristics of the family caregivers affected the caregiving for the disabled elderly. Female family members care the disabled elderly more often than male ones. For the elderly with fewer children, it's more possible to be cared by the spouses than by the children. However, the amounts of children didn't have much influence on the possibilities of providing care to their disabled parents. Besides, children's marriage and employment status also impacted on how children became the caregivers. At the end of this study, some policy implications are derived.