日本人以前常用「地震• 雷• 火災• 父親」這些字語來說明對父親威嚴的印象，傳統的父親真的那麼可怕嗎？像地震、打雷一般的恐怖，現代的日本父親，是否也像以前那樣的有威嚴、那麼可怕。現代的日本父親陷入立場薄弱的狀態，一般都認為是因為“父親不在的時代”所造成的。根據研究，由於，現代日本社會型態的改變、工作型態的改變、核心家庭的增多，對父親的印象產生了些許的變化。透過對現代日本孩子的問卷調查，可以由孩子的觀點來看現代的父親在家庭中的位置、即透過本論文了解現代日本家庭中孩子心目中的父親應該具備的條件有哪些，並看出現代日本父親在家庭中究竟佔了多少的分量。 Earthquake, thunder and fire were often used to describe the austere image of traditional father. Is traditional father really like the terrible earthquake, thunder and fire? And is a modern Japanese father still majestic and terrible when they are compared with the traditional father? Generally speaking, the modern Japanese father is in a weak state now because of his absence from home. According to the research, the modern image of father has been slightly changed since the change of social type and work type as well as the increase of nuclear family. In order to understand how the image of a modern father has changed and how important a Japanese father is in a family now, this study makes a questionnaire to find the answer to these two questions. In conclusion, through the questionnaire the image of a modern Japanese father id shown and a perfect father is established from the sight of the kids.