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    標題: 男性員警睡眠品質之初探
    Primary Investigation of Sleep Quality in Male Policeman
    作者: 黃鈞洳
    王慈華
    林佩蓉
    許育禎
    陳青浩
    隋安莉
    貢獻者: 醫務管理系
    關鍵字: 警察
    睡眠品質
    睡眠習慣
    嗜睡程度
    Policeman
    sleep quality
    sleep hygiene
    sleepiness
    日期: 2008
    上傳時間: 2009-06-15 10:01:44 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 充足的睡眠包含了質與量的雙重要求,睡眠的品質要比睡眠時間更為重要。本研究以台灣南部某市男性員警為研究對象,針對該市警局、分局與派出所,共計46家一一造訪,採用匹茲堡睡眠品質指標(PSQI),嗜睡量表(ESS)及改編之睡眠習慣量表(ASHS)進行問卷調查。總計發出550 份,回收187 份,有效樣本107 份。 結果發現員警平均年齡介於35~44 歲,平均BMI 值為25 . 46±3 . 43 ,平均年資為l9. 09 ± 5. 74 年。75 . 7 %的員警睡眠品質較差,睡眠習慣不良與很差的各佔29.0 %與7 . 5 %。嗜睡程度屬中度的員警佔44 . 9 %,重度嗜睡佔11 . 2 %。自我評估認為壓力很大的佔30 . 8 % ,最主要的壓力來源是工作(77 . 2 %),其次為經濟與生活(20 . 7 %)。和常見定義為優良睡眠品質、嗜睡程度與適當睡眠習慣之總分相較,男性員警的睡眠品質(t = 9 . 322 , p = 0 . 000)、嗜睡程度(t = 2.866 , P = 0.005)與睡眠習慣(t = 2.754 , p = 0.007)均顯著較差• 經相關分析發現,員警的嗜睡程度(r = 0.273 , p < 0.01)、睡眠習慣(r = 0.228 , p < 0. 05)。精神壓力(r = 0.374 , p < 0.01)與睡眠品質問呈現顯著相關。員警的職務(r = 0.203 , p<0.05)、執夜勤次數(r = 0.216 , p<0.05)與高尿酸或痛風(r = 0.240 , p<0.05)等慢性病亦與睡眠品質間呈現相關。本研究的結論為我國南部男性員警有肥胖現象,工作壓力過高,睡眠品質甚差,嗜睡程度嚴重,睡眠習慣不良,而睡眠品質與睡眠習慣、工作狀況、嗜睡程度相關,應予以注意並及早改善。
    Good sleep includs not only the quantity but also the quality of sleep . The aim of our study was to evaluate the health condition , personal characteristics , shift work , sleep quality , sleepiness and sleep hygiene of male policeman in a Sourthem Taiwan city The sample was drawn from a metropolitan police forece ( 46 police institutes , n = 550 , effective samples = 107 ) , and a self - reported questionnaire with Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index ( PSQI ) , Epworth Sleepiness Scale ( ESS ) , and revised ASHS was used . The average age of the male policemen was 35 ~ 44 years , BMI was 25 . 46 土3 . 43 , average length of service was 19.09 士5.74 years . Results showed 75.7 % of the male policemen had low sleep quality, 44.9 % and 11. 2 % had moderate and severe sleepiness , respectively Male policemen with bad and very bad sleep hygiene were 29.0 % and 7.5 % , respectively
    Compared with the global scores defined as good sleeper normal sleepiness and fair sleep hygiene " , the sleep quality (t = 9.322 , p = 0.000 ) , sleepiness 、(t = 2.866 , p = 0.005 ) and sleep hygiene (t = 2.754 , p = 0.007 ) of male policemen were significantly worse . Self-rated high stress level was 308 % , the main source of stress was from work ( 77.2 % ) , and the second was life expenses and economics ( 20.7 % ) . The sleepiness(r = 0.273 , p < 0.01 ) , sleep hygiene(r = 0.228 , p < 0.05 ) and stress(r = 0.374 , p < 0.01)were significantly associated the sleep quality The service rank (r = 0.203 , p < 0.05 ) , shift work (r = 0.216 , p < 0.05 ) and chronic disease , such as gout (r = 0.240 , p < 0.05 ), of the subjects were also related with sleep quality .
    關聯: 嘉南學報(人文類)34期:p.742-755
    Appears in Collections:[嘉南學報] 34 期 (2008)
    [醫務管理系(所)] 期刊論文

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