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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.cnu.edu.tw/handle/310902800/21262


    標題: 離子交聯與水合效應對於薄膜分離甲醇/水溶液效能之影響
    Effect of aluminum ion crosslinking and hydration effect of sulfonated polysulfone membrane on dehydration performance of methanol/water mixtures by pervaporation
    作者: 陳世雄
    劉瑞美
    蔡鎮賢
    黃信翰
    洪睦雅
    黃政賢
    施琦玉
    貢獻者: 環境工程與科學系
    關鍵字: 鋁離子薄膜
    甲醇一水混合溶液
    膨潤特性
    共伴效應
    滲透蒸發
    aluminum ion crossliking membranes
    methanol/water mixture
    degree of swelling
    coupling effect
    pervaperation
    日期: 2008
    上傳時間: 2009-05-04 15:35:49 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 本研究探討利用鋁離子進行薄膜中高分子磺酸基之離子交聯反應與離子水合現象提高滲透蒸發分離甲醇/水溶液效能,研究中以鋁離子為交聯離子與磺酸化後之聚嗍碸高分子交聯製備出不同離子交聯程度之薄膜,本文中探討離子交聯膜之膨潤特性、吸附特性和滲透蒸發對分離效能之影響,磺酸化聚嗍碸(Polystllfone , PSF)薄膜受到不同離子取代程度鋁離予交聯時,薄膜之離子水合效應對膨潤特性無顯著增加,且對於滲透蒸發之透過率亦只有微幅增加,然而鋁離予交聯卻導致分離係數先上升而後不降,其結果顯示甲醇/水之共伴效應(coupling effect)於高膨潤狀態不導致薄膜選擇性降低,由實驗結果顯示離子交聯薄膜在於適當的離子取代量時,能有效提升滲透蒸發之選擇性能,並具有應用於高濃度甲醇水溶液分離之潛力。
    The effect of aluminum ion crosslinking between polymer chains and hydration effect on the separation performance of AI/sulfonated polysulfone membranes were investigated by dehydration of methanol/water mixtures with pervaporation technology. The various degree of aluminum ion crosslinking membranes were prepared by exchanging aluminum ion with the sulfouated polysulfone. The influences of ion crossslinking on the degree of swelling, sorption properties, and pervaporation performance of ion crosslinking membranes were disoussed. The minor influence on the degree of swelling of ion crosslinking membranes was found. The permeation rate of pervaporation of ion crosslinking membranes slightly increased and the separation factor firstly increased and then decreased with further increasing the degree of ion crosslinking. It was found that the ion crosslinking within polymer chains and hydration effect of ion cluster played important role to dominate the separation performance of dehydration of methanol/water mixtures. In the case of highly swelling of membranes, the coupling effect increased the permeation rate and lost the separation factor. It was indicated that the optimum ion crosslinking not only enhanced the diffusion selectivity but also the hydratione effect and then promoted the separation performance of ion crosslinking membranes.
    關聯: 嘉南學報(科技類)34期:p.134-147
    Appears in Collections:[嘉南學報] 34 期 (2008)
    [環境工程與科學系(所)] 期刊論文

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