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    標題: 不同年齡層民眾體位及其控制行為之調查
    作者: 陳怡君
    貢獻者: 醫務管理系
    關鍵字: 體重控制行為
    體重控制信念
    體型意識
    體位
    weight control behavior
    body image
    BMI
    WHR
    日期: 2003
    上傳時間: 2008-06-30 10:33:17 (UTC+8)
    出版者: 台南縣:嘉南藥理科技大學醫務管理系
    摘要: 本研究旨在探討影響社區民眾體重控制行為的相關因子,包括:性別、年齡、職業、體型、體重控制信念,與體型意識。以方便選樣選取花蓮市國富里16至55歲的里民來填寫問卷及進行身高、體重、體脂肪率與腰、臀圍的測量。共回收有效樣本304人。問卷內容包括:基本資料、體重控制信念量、體型意識及體重控制行為。蒐集的資料經描述性統計檢視後,以Student’s T檢定、卡方檢定及變異數分析來進行資料分析。
    結果發現年齡是影響體位(BMI、腰臀比、體脂肪)的主要因素。女性對於自己的體型,比男性不滿意也較男性嚴苛,所以女性進行體重控制(69.9﹪)也比男性多。覺得自己體型越胖(74.3﹪),越會進行體重控制,而且是進行減重。進行體重控制民眾在體重控制的利益性、肥胖對健康和對形象的威脅認同都高於沒有進行體重控制。
    The 304 residents in Kao-Fu Li of Hwan-lain city were recruited in this study to find the influences of their demographic characteristics, body size, self-image, beliefs about weight control upon their weight control practices. All participants were assessed on height, weight, body fat, and waist and hip sizes and completed the questionnaires. The average body mass index (BMI), waist/hip ratio (WHR), and body fat of participants was 22.7±3.5 (㎏/m2), 0.81±0.08, and 25.0±7.0%, respectively and the measurements of them increased by age. They tended to agree the benefits of weight control practices and the threat to health and losing their attraction due to getting fat, but not agree the obstruction of weight control practices. The prevalence rate of weight control was 62.2%. 69.9% of women and 50.4% of men had weight control. There were different types of weight control in different age groups. The 32.2% of people in 25-34 years group lost their weight, but the people above 45 years old maintained their weight. The major type of weight control is to maintain their weight and the second type is to lose weight. The types of weight control were correspondent to their body image, but negative relative to their satisfaction of their body shape.
    關聯: 計畫編號:CNHA9210
    Appears in Collections:[醫務管理系(所)] 校內計畫

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